Old Time Radio - 1940s BBC
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This is a collection of BBC radio comedies: Band Waggon starring Arthur Askey and Richard Murdoch; ITMA (It's That Man Again) starring Tommy Handley; Much Binding in the Marsh starring Richard Murdoch and Kenneth Horne; HMS Waterlogged starring Eric Barker, with Jon Pertwee; Studio Stand Easy starring Charlie Chester; Up The Pole starring Jimmy Jewel and Ben Warriss, with Jon Pertwee; Life with the Lyons starring Ben Lyon and Bebe Daniels; and The Will Hay Programme starring Will Hay.
Little of the BBC's radio output of the 1940s has survived, as most shows were broadcast live and were not recorded. The 78 rpm disk recording technology, which was all that was available prior to the development of tape recording, resulted in sound quality that was significantly worse than a live broadcast, so it was better not to fill the air-time with recordings, and being a non-commercial broadcaster the BBC had no financial incentive to preserve its output.
Those factors have made BBC recordings from this period rare. Here are some of the few which were preserved in their archives.
Band Waggon was the first weekly BBC comedy series to be broadcast on the same day of the week and at the same time of day. Previous comedy shows had been aired on an ad hoc basis; but here, for the first time, was a series which would be on the air at the same time each week, and this helped to build a big audience for each week's broadcast.
ITMA, short for It's That Man Again, was a wartime comedy which began in 1939, starring popular stage comedian Tommy Handley. It derived its name from newspaper headlines of the time, in which the phrase "It's That Man Again" was used as an ironic reference to Hitler.
Indeed, sending-up Hitler (and the German war effort generally) was a mainstay of the series. For the first time on the BBC a comedian was allowed to poke fun at a foreign leader. The BBC, usually terribly polite, generally frowned upon such goings on; but once war was declared they changed their policy pretty quickly. The result was a very topical show. The humour in the scripts tended to date very quickly, and the point of a joke might be lost just a fortnight later.
The wartime show for the Services, Merry Go Round, comprised three seperate series: one for the Army, one for the Navy, and one for the Airforce. These rotated, so that each was heard once every three weeks.
The Air Force show, Much Binding in the Marsh, was the most successful of these, to judge by how long it lasted. Beginning in 1945, the series starred Richard Murdoch, who had appeared alongside Arthur Askey in the pre-war Band Waggon, who teamed up with Kenneth Horne, best remembered today for his 1960s heyday in the two satirical successes Beyond Our Ken and Round the Horne.
During the war, Much Binding in the Marsh was set in the fictitious RAF station of Much Binding. But the show was so popular it continued until 1953. In the immediate post-war period the RAF base became a country club run by Murdoch and Horne, while the 1950s saw them running their own newspaper, 'The Weekly Bind'.
The Army show was Studio Stand Easy, starring comedian Charlie Chester. He was actually an Army Sergeant when the show was conceived, having been called-up following the outbreak of war. Unbelieveably, he was actually ordered by his commanding officer to write a smash-hit radio show! This, he later remarked wryly, was easier said than done. But he was a first rate comedian, who, like Kenneth Horne, continued to be very successful on radio into the 1960s.
The Navy's contribution to Merry Go Round, initially entitled H.M.S. Waterlogged, starred light comedian Eric Barker, supported by Jon Pertwee (who was later to have big successes in the BBC radio comedy The Navy Lark and on television as the third Doctor Who). After the war H.M.S. Waterlogged evolved into the show Waterlogged Spa, with the Naval Base becoming a health spa as the show continued in the post-war period. Many of the characters who Pertwee played in this show would later reappear in The Navy Lark in the 1960s!
After Waterlogged Spa, though, Jon Pertwee's next success came in the 1948 radio comedy Up The Pole, starring variety comedians Jimmy Jewel and Ben Warriss (who already had a well known double act on the music-hall stage, as Jewel and Warriss). Pertwee played a variety of crooked characters in this show, always 'on the make', and those characters later formed the basis of the humorously dishonest Chief Petty Officer he played in The Navy Lark, when it began in 1959.
Life With The Lyons starred American husband-and-wife team Ben Lyon and Bebe Daniels, film stars of the day. Along with their real life children, they literally formed a family show, in this long running radio series. Starting in the early 1950s, it was so popular it was still on the air at the end of that decade.
Finally in this collection, a rare surviving edition of The Will Hay Programme, starring film comedian Will Hay. This ran for three series during 1944 and 1945, with Will Hay playing Dr Muffin, the inept schoolmaster character for whom he was best known in his cinema films, who was Headmaster of St Michael's School for Boys.
The 50 year period of broadcast copyright under section 14(2) of the UK's Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 (www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/48/section/14) has expired for all items included in this collection.
- 2007-08-03 20:28:20
- Closed captioning
Subject: Files Are Okay, Online Player Is Screwy
If you're on the hideous 'upgraded' site (with the bright white background), click 'MP3' under 'Download Options' at the upper right, and save the required mp3 files from the list that expands.
If you're on the human-friendly classic Archive site (with the warm-tone background), scroll down and save the required files via the links in the column under the heading 'VBR MP3'.
If you want to download all the files in a single 251Mb zip file, and you are on the classic site, just look for the link 'VBR ZIP' in the column on the left, under the heading 'Listen to audio'. This option may be on the upgraded site, but I couldn't find it.
If you're on the upgraded site and you want to return to the classic site, click the circle at the top right that reads 'Exit' (just to the right of the 'Sign in' link), then click 'Exit to Classic Site' at the bottom of the white dialogue box that appears.
Hope this helps, and if you enjoy Band Waggon, do a search on "Arthur Askey" to see some of his movies; they're all wonderful (and 'Bees In Paradise' is pure eye candy; yowza!)
Subject: So many of these don't work!
There's an almost infinite selection of American material freely available, but the stupid, tight-fisted BBC doesn't want to share anything. They forced the Imperial War Museum to remove all wartime recordings from its on line sound archive, and now none of it is available except in the very small selection of heavily edited snippets that we've all heard a thousand times. Thank goodness for this Old Time Radio site, which I think is a fantastic resource.
Now, is there anyone who can fix these recordings so that they'll play, please?
Subject: Gems that escaped the BBC vandals.
Subject: These shows are out of copyright
Under English law, set out in the Copyright Act of 1911, there is no such thing as broadcast copyright, because radio broadcasting was not invented until the 1920s. Consequently, there is no copyright in a broadcast that aired before 1957, the date when the legal concept of broadcast copyright was first created (in the Copyright Act of 1956). A broadcast in the UK by the BBC prior to 1957 is accordingly not covered by copyright; no copyright in it exists, not for the BBC nor for anyone else.
Subject: Radio Spirits Scam!
I was only a child when Much Binding and ITMA were going to air, but they left an indelible impression on me, especially as they led to the Goons, Round the Horne (and Beyond Our Ken), Monty Python and Dad's Army especially.
What a pity that current PC would never allow really taking the piss out of the status quo.
Subject: Classic British humour
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